Nursing has been transforming towards a culture of evidence-based practice and theory-based care models. This occurs because of the acceptance of the role of research and science in guiding evidence based nursing practice (Polit & Beck, 2010). Transcultural Nursing Care by Madeleine Leininger can have a positive contribution towards the realization of new expectations in healthcare delivery. It is evident that art and science will be a critical part of nursing in the enforcement of knowledge from research, critical thinking and theory. Consequently, this will shape the future dynamics of nursing (Parker & Smith, 2010). Current paper selects and describes a practice of nursing theory, goals and objectives and details a timeline for the practicum experience.
Transcultural Care Theory by Madeleine Leininger
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According to the theory, caring is a universal phenomenon, but changes in diverse cultures (Agosta, 2005). This theory provides different perspectives of tackling the challenges of nursing in a multicultural century and providing a leeway for nurses to provide appropriate healthcare regardless of the patients’ culture (Mays & Pope, 2000). Therefore, it is essential to be a culture conscious in order to deliver proper healthcare. The theory is essential in promoting the concept of cultural competence as a critical part of healthcare. It is evident that a culturally competent nurse can provide efficient healthcare more than a cultural-unaware nurse. Moreover, the theory affirms that it is essential for nurses to acquaint themselves in diverse cultural contexts in order to deliver cultural-conscious healthcare (McBride, 2008).
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According to Leininger, there are three main modes that should guide nursing actions in the provision of healthcare. These modes include the preservation of culture where the nurse works, the accommodation of cultural aspects within healthcare principles and the cultural restructuring of care to maintain nursing professionalism. In fact, balancing these modes of culture and nursing can improve health outcomes (Keough & Tanabe, 2011).
Practicum Goals and Objectives
- To educate families and patients on diverse health disorders. I will sensitize people on the nature of common diseases such as Malaria, diabetes and the common cold.
- To treat patients with the consciousness of their culture.
- To demonstrate comprehensive physical examination of a patient during my time.
- To gain and demonstrate comprehensive knowledge on culture diversity and the role it plays in healthcare.
- To help in the provision of evidence-based healthcare to patients during my clinical timeframe.
- To examine and provide differential diagnoses’ and analyze potential treatment with the guidance of my preceptor for three different common health disorders during my clinical.
- To demonstrate differential diagnosis of disease alterations as they present during the clinical time with the knowledge, assessment, critical thinking, skills/tools, and interactive communication utilizing my preceptor.
- To utilize a screening tool and sensitize a patient that may be at risk for cardiovascular disease on the nature of the disease